Geologically, the ancient city of Hampi falls on the Archean Dharwar craton in an area composed of volcanosedimentary greenstone contained in a larger region of peninsular gneiss and granites. These are dated to be in the Archean period somewhere between 3.3 and 2.7 billion years old (Moyen et al., 2003).
Many of these small hillocks hosting Archean rocks belonging to the Dharwar Craton are seen outside Tumkur, a city in Karnataka around an hour and a half outside Bangalore.
A Cliff in Creede
A mining town known for silver deposits, Creede, Colorado is located along the western side of the central San Juan volcanic system, where eruptions have been linked to around 27.8-25.9 Ma ago.
Shot on the island of Sylt, the northernmost island of Germany, and largest island in North Frisia. Sylt has a moraine-based origin and is made up of till core. The island has extensive, actively shifting dunes throughout, evocative of the desert planet, Arrakis.
Shot at the Bhimgad National Forest looking at Proterozoic limestone.
A cloud that looks like a feather, above Proterozoic limestone formations on a warm winter day inside Bhimagad Forest. Shivaji built one of his ~400 forts here, around these caves sometime in the mid-17th century.
Another resplendent sunset while we were drilling sediments in the Mahandi Basin in the Bay of Bengal.
I spent two months at sea in the Bay of Bengal in the winter of 2014-15 as part of IODP Expedition 353. This was a shot on one of those gloriously cool evenings.
The active stratovolcano Kolombangara in the western Province is surrounded by small islands such as this one in a lagoon that hosts several scleractinian corals.
Honiara, the capital of the Solomon Islands, is located on Guadalcanal Island. Climatically, the Solomon Islands are situated under the South Pacific Convergence Zone, one of the largest bands of rainfall on the planet. The convection processes that are at play in the region set up wonderful cloud-laden sunsets such as this one.
Flying over the northwestern coast of Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands as we were about to land in the capital, Honiara.
Shot at Tulagi, Florida Islands.
The northern Gulf of Mexico is an interesting offshore location due to the large numbers of oil rigs in the area. At night, you almost feel like you're in the middle of a city!
For a change, we had tranquil seas during the wintertime in the Bay of Bengal.
A Brahminy Starling (Sturnia pagodarum) spotted on top of a pillar at the Vittala Temple during the evening. The scientific name of the Brahminy Starling is Sturnia pagodarum, where 'pagodarum' apparently comes from the species tending to perch on top of south Indian temple pagodas.
A Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni) spotted close to Creede, Colorado. Swainson's hawk is purported to be the longest migrant of any North American raptor with a flight over 14,000 mi from the United States to southern Brazil or Argentina.
Krishnadevaraya, one of the prominent kings of the Vijayanagara dynasty that made Hampi its capitol, built this Balakrishna temple in 1513 AD to celebrate his conquest of the Gajapati (rulers of Odisha) king Prataparudra at the siege of Udayagiri (present day Andhra Pradesh). The entire story behind this construction and its purpose (in fairly vivid detail) is inscribed in old Kannada script inside the temple. A gopura is an ornate, vividly intricate towered structure that is characteristic of South Indian temple architecture.
Lotus Mahal, Hampi
Uniquely Indo-islamic in its architecture, yet built by the predominantly Vaishnava (Hindu) Vijayanagara Empire, the 'Lotus Mahal' is a prime example of the confluence of religion, culture, and art in medieval south India.
The famed granite-made chariot at the Vittala Temple in Hampi, Karnataka dates to the 15th century.
Skewed Symmetry at a Cathedral
Originally commenced in 1248, the Cologne Cathedral was finally completed in the 19th century.
A Solomon Islander from Vonavona Island shows off his pet Cardinal Lory (Chalcopsitta cardinalis). Many Solomon Islanders from the Western Province keep birds as pets: from parrots to cockatoos to starlings.